Disparities in Health Outcomes

heading placeholder

This initiative is part of the [PROJECT NAME] project.

The clinical health outcomes for COronaVIrus Disease 19 (COVID-19) range from asymptomatic or mild illness to severe disease that may lead to hospitalization, intensive care, or worse, death. However, the mechanisms for differing clinical health outcomes within a population have not been well-characterized.

In addition, the differences in risks of being infected with COVID-19, spreading of the virus that causes COVID-19, and subsequent severe health outcomes among those infected with COVID-19 may also differ based on individual-level factors (e.g. age, gender, sex, comorbidities, experience of homelessness) and neighborhood-level factors (population/housing density, socio-economic factors, physical networks, and uptake of interventions). 

Areas of Concern

Area 1

Area 2

Area 3

Area 4


Canadian Institutes for Health Research

Principal Investigator

Dr. Naveed Janjua 


Dr. Sharmistha Mishra, Dr. Jeff Kwong, Dr. Beate Sander 


Leveraging on the BCC19C data, this project aims to:  

  • Identify the individual and neighbourhood-level  factors in the relative risk of COVID-19 testing, diagnosis, and severity 
  • Estimate the relative contribution of these individual and neighbourhood-level differences in onward transmission over time 
  • Assess the potential impact of past and existing public health measures on transmission, detected cases, hospitalizations, and deaths
  • Determine the differential impact of feasible, population-specific, non-pharmacological interventions to mitigate spread and prevent re-emergence at different levels of relaxation of universal physical distancing measures.  


optional space for text — Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nam eleifend ornare lacus, ac bibendum enim semper quis.